|1. TRINITY | Jesus is the Father|
|Jesus Christ is the same personage as God. He is the Father manifest in the flesh. There are not three persons; there is only one God.
Pope Callistus I of Rome (d. 223 AD)
|2. TRINITY | Jesus, manifestation of God|
|Jesus Christ is but one of several modes, or manifestations of the one true God.
Noetus at Rome
Marcellus of Ancyra
|3. TRINITY | Jesus, attribute of God|
|Jesus Christ is but one of several attributes or appropriation, such as power, love, wisdom etc. of a single God.
Peter Abelard (1079-1142)
Pope Alexander III (1159-1181)
Gilbert de la Porree
|4. TRINITY | Jesus, part of God|
|Jesus Christ is the same thing as the Father, but distinguishable, even as the root is the same as, but distinguishable from the tree, and the sun from its rays. The Father is the "whole", while Jesus Christ is the part.
|5. TRINITY | Jesus, a Prophet|
|Jesus Christ is not God except in an 'honorific sense' through the Father's grace, but is subordinate to the Father. He is made of a 'similar' or 'same type of' substance (Homoiousios) as the Father. And, because Jesus was created by the Father, only the Father is eternal.
Jesus is even considered by some to be a great man, prophet, religious leader, teacher, angel sent from God, or a Messiah.
Bishop of Corinth (170 AD)
Arius of Alexandria (250-336 AD)
Eusebius of Caesarea (d. 339 AD)
Eusebius of Nicomedia (d. 342 AD)
Emperor Constantius (337-361 AD)
97 Bishops at Arian Councils at Antioch (341-344 AD)
400 Bishops attending Synod of Ariminum (350 AD)
160 Bishops attending the Synod of Seleucia (359 AD)
Jehovah Witnesses (Today)
Arius' Letter to Alexander of Alexandria
Arius' Letter to the Emperor Constantine
Pronouncement of the Synod of Tyre and Jerusalem (335 AD)
Confessions of Faith (1st, 2nd, 3rd) of the first Arian Council at Antioch (341 AD)
Confession of Faith (4th) of the second Arian Council at Antioch (341 AD)
Confession of Faith (5th) of the Arian Council at Antioch (344 AD)
Confession of Faith (6th) of the second Arian Council at Sirmium (351 AD)
Confession of Faith (7th) of the third Arian Council at Sirmium (357 AD)
Confession of Faith (9th) of the first Synod of Ariminum and first Synod of Seleucia (359 AD)
Confession of Faith (10th) of the Synod of Nice (359 AD) and Constantinople (360 AD)
Islam is in agreement with Arianism. Muslims believe Jesus, was a great Prophet sent by the Father. He was a Man gifted with many miracles, who successfully delivered the message of Monotheism to his disciples.
|6. TRINITY | Trinity (Athanasius)|
|Jesus Christ is 'begotten' and not created, and is therefore, eternal, and of the same substance (Homoousios) as the Father. But, God is also comprised of three substances (Hypostasis).
Marcellus, Bishop of Ancyra (Council at Nicaea)
Nicene Creed Signatories (325 AD)
|7. TRINITY | Three Substances, One Person|
| The Son, the Father and the Holy Spirit are three individual substances (Hypostasis) that are of one substance (Ousis) analogous to three people (Hypostasis), who are all human (Ousis).
Jesus Christ is 'the Son' (Hypostasis), and 'God' (Ousis). However, since the three Hypostasis are the only form that the Ousis has, or ever will take, the 'Threeness' cannot be separated from the 'Oneness'. The emphasis is on the 'Threeness' over the 'Oneness'.
Gregory of Nyssa
Gregory of Nazianzus
Councils at Philippopolis (343 AD)
Councils at Sirmium (351 AD)
Councils at Ancyra (358 AD)
|8. TRINITY | One Substance, Three Persons|
|The Son, the Father, and the Holy Spirit are of one substance (Substantia), three persons (Personea). Emphasis on the 'Oneness' over the 'Threeness'. The distinction of 'Persons' is only that of 'Relations'.
Thomas Aquinas (1225-1274)
Athanasian Creed (5th Century) Adherents
|9. TRINITY | One Substance Three Persons|
|The Son, the Father, and the Holy Spirit are of one substance (Substantia), three persons (Personea). The endeavor is to think simultaneously Unity and Threefoldness.
|10. TRINITY | Three Distinct Gods|
|Jesus is one of three Gods (in one sense of the term 'God') comprising a Godhead. Yet there is only one God and mankind has the potential to become Gods, just as generations of other worlds have produced Gods.
Origen (185-254 AD)
Ignatius of Antioch (50-117 AD)
|11. TRINITY | Valentianism|
|There exist 16 male/female pairs of emissions (Aeon) from the divine substance; which, along with the Supreme God (Bythius), constitute the Pleroma ('Fulness', Godhead or world of gods).
Jesus is depicted as a man (Aeon or Projection) who descends from the Pleroma in order to impart saving knowledge. Some have suggested that he was the incarnation of Simon Magus.
Valentius (d. 160 AD)
Basilides (85-150 AD)
Ptolemy (100-178 AD)
Gospel of Truth
Letters to Flora
Books of Jeu
Shepherd of Hermas
|12. TRINITY | Hierarchy of Gods|
|There exists a hierarch of Gods and Jehovah (creator God) being a 'lower God'.
|13. TRINITY | Tritheism - Three Gods|
|Jesus is one of three Gods (Father, Son and Holy Spirit).
Conon, Bishop of Tarsus
Eugenius, Bishop of Seleucia in Isauria
|14. TRINITY | Bithestic Variants|
|Jesus was the human body, while Christ was the spirit personage that inhabited the body until the time of Crucifixion. Christ is a part of the Godhead.
Catholic Apostolic Church (Irvingites 1832)
Church of God in Christ (1907)
Assemblies of God (1914)
United Pentecostal Church (1914)
Pentecostal Church of God (1919)
|15. TRINITY | Good God vs Evil God|
|There are two Gods: the Evil and Merciless God of the Old Testament;
and the Good and Merciful God of the New Testament.
There is also the Messiah of the Old Testament, who is seen as the enemy of the Christ of the New Testament. The Christ of the New Testament was not incarnate.
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