Jesus and the 12 Disciples  

Jesus' had 12 Disciples who were his closest followers

The 12 disciples were Jesus' closest followers and primary teachers of the Jewish-Christian gospel.

James Tabor

James D. Tabor (born 1946)
Professor in the Department of Religious Studies, University of North Carolina, Charlotte USA

    The original apostles and followers of Jesus, led by James and assisted by Peter and John, continued to live as religious Jews, observing the Torah and worshiping in the Temple at Jerusalem, or in their local synagogues, while remembering and honoring Jesus as their martyred Teacher and Messiah.

They [the disciples] neither worshipped nor divinized Jesus as the Son of God, or as a Dying-and-Rising Savior, who died for the sins of humankind. They practiced no ritual of baptism into Christ, nor did they celebrate a sacred meal equated with 'eating the body and drinking the blood' of Christ as a guarantee of eternal life.
W James_Tabor

1. Andrew
Alias: Peter's Brother
Message: Christians are to tell other people about Jesus
Occupation: Fisherman
Personality: Eager to bring others to Jesus
Death: Andrew was crucified upside down on an X-shaped cross, the two ends of which were in the ground
Gospel: 0 books
2. Bartholomew
Alias: Nathanael
Message: Jesus respects honesty in people - even if they challenge him because of it
Occupation: Unknown
Personality: Honest and straight-forward
Death: He was tortured, skinned alive and beheaded in India
Gospel: 0 books
3. James, the Elder
Alias: Son of Zebedee; brother of John the disciple
Message: Christians must be willing to die for Jesus
Occupation: Fisherman
Personality: Ambitious, short-tempered judgmental, deeply committed to Jesus
Death: James was killed by the sword by King Herod Agrippa (Acts 12:1-2)
Gospel: 0 books
4. James, the Just
Alias: The Lesser; brother of Jesus
Message: Thus also faith by itself, if it does not have works, is dead
Occupation: Chaired an important council in Jerusalem
Personality: Became the Jerusalem Church leader after Jesus. James was chosen as bishop of Jerusalem by Jesus' disciples, Peter, James (the Greater) and John

"For they say that Peter and James and John after the ascension of our Saviour, as if also preferred by our Lord, strove not after honor, but chose James the Just bishop of Jerusalem"
Death: James was stoned and clubbed to death in Jerusalem
Gospel: James
5. John
Alias: James' brother
Message: The transforming power of the love of Christ is available to all
Occupation: Fisherman
Personality: Ambitious, Judgmental, later - very loving
Death: Thrown into boiling oil, but survived. He died of old age
Gospel: John
John I
John II
John III
6. Judas Iscariot
Alias: Son of Simon Iscariot
Message: It is not enough to be familiar with Jesus' teachings. Jesus' true followers love and obey him
Occupation: Unknown
Personality: Treacherous; greedy
Death: Judas committed suicide by hanging himself
Gospel: 0 books
7. Jude Thaddeus
Message: Christians follow Jesus because they believe in him; they do not always understand the details of God's plan
Occupation: Unknown
Personality: Unknown
Death: He was crucified (sawed or axed to death) at Edessa
Gospel: Jude
8. Matthew
Alias: Tax collector; Levi
Message: Christianity is not for people who think they're already good; it is for people who know they have failed and want help
Occupation: Tax Collector
Personality: Despised outcast because of his dishonest career
Death: He was killed with a halberd (a pike fitted with an ax head) in Nadabah
Gospel: Matthew
9. Peter
Alias: Simon Peter
Message: Christians falter at times, but when they return to Jesus, he forgives them and strengthens their faith.
Occupation: Fisherman
Personality: Impulsive; later - bold in preaching about Jesus
Death: Peter was reportedly crucified, upside down, during the reign of Emperor Nero
Gospel: I Peter
II Peter
10. Philip
Message: God uses our questions to teach us
Occupation: Fisherman
Personality: Questioning attitude
Death: Philip reportedly suffered martyrdom at Heliopolis, in Phrygia. He was severely flogged, imprisoned and later crucified
Gospel: 0 books
11. Simon the Zealot
Message: If we are willing to give up our plans for the future, we can participate in Jesus' plans
Occupation: Unknown
Personality: Fierce patriotism
Death: Simon was believed to have been crucified in Britain
Gospel: 0 books
12. Thomas
Alias: Didymus
Message: Even when Christians experience serious doubts, Jesus reaches out to them to restore their faith
Occupation: Unknown
Personality: Courage, doubt
Death: Thomas was reportedly killed with a spear in India
Gospel: 0 books

Luke (Not a disciple)
Occupation: Physician
Personality: An educated man who travelled with Paul in missionary work
Gospel: Luke
Mark (Not a disciple)
Message: Mark traveled with his cousin Barnabas in ministry and later in years ministered to the Apostles Peter and Paul
Personality: Mark was cousin to Barnabas a prominent figure in the early church
Gospel: Mark
220 AD
350 AD First Copy
Paul (Not a disciple)
Message: To bring the gospel to the non-Jewish people of his day
Occupation: Prosecutor
Paul (previously Saul of Tarsus) was well known because he fiercely persecuted the early Christians.
Personality: Oaul claimed for himself the title 'apostle of the Gentiles' [Romans 11:13]. A Roman citizen by birth, Paul was a Jew of respectable heritage and a ranking member of the strict Jewish sect of the Pharisees
Death: Paul was likely beheaded by the Romans, under Emperor Nero
Gospel: Romans
I Timothy
II Timothy
I Corinthians
II Corinthians
I Thessalonians
II Thessalonians

Where did the Disciples die?

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