The Four Document Hypothesis explains the triple tradition by postulating the existence of a lost "Matthean" document known as M.
It is this, rather than Marcan priority, which forms the distinctive feature of the Four Document Hypothesis as against rival theories.
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Year Written: (Assumed)40-80 AD
The hypothetical sources provide an explanation for the synoptic problems. One example of this is the pattern of similarities and differences between the three Gospels of Matthew, Mark, and Luke. It posits that the Gospel of Matthew and the Gospel of Luke were based on the Gospel of Mark and a hypothetical sayings collection from the Christian oral tradition called Q.
) | M SOURCE
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WARNING: Before You Read The Torah, Bible, Quran etc.
All SCRIPTURE TEXT has Context and Background. Text should never be read literally or in isolation. Always seek clarification from religious scholars and teachers. In general, to study Text requires four principles:
1. Literal Meaning - What the Text says
2. Historical Setting - The story events; how the Text was understood in its time
3. Grammar - The surrounding sentence and paragraph; textual context
4. Synthesis - A comparison with similar Texts to give a better contextual understanding