Codex Sinaiticus & Vaticanus - Corruption in the KJV Bible verses  

Codex Vaticanus, a manuscript dated 325-350 AD, contains the earliest complete copy of the New Testament Bible.

The table below lists the King James Bible (KJV) verses that conflict with the relatively recent Biblical manuscript discoveries, the Codex Sinaiticus and Codex Vaticanus.


King James (KJV)
Popular

Published in 1611 by the Church of England, the King James Bible (KJV) is an English translation of the Christian Bible.

Under King James I, 47 translators used the Textus Receptus ('Majority text') manuscripts for their English Bible. The earliest manuscript used was the Codex Alexandrinus dated to 400 AD.

Since 1611, older, more accurate Bible manuscripts have been discovered; the Codex Sinaiticus and Vaticanus.

The books of the King James Version include the 39 books of the Old Testament, an intertestamental section containing 14 books of the Apocrypha, and the 27 books of the New Testament.
Codex Vaticanus
Oldest Bible

Codex Vaticanus is regarded as the oldest extant manuscript of the Greek Bible dated to 325-350 AD.

Vaticanus is named after its place of conservation in the Vatican Library. In the 19th century, Bible scholars studying the Codex Vaticanus realized the texts differed significantly from the Latin Vulgate ('Textus Receptus').

Vaticanus may have been one of the 50 Bibles commissioned by Emperor Constantine in 331 AD.
Codex Sinaiticus
Old Bible

Codex Sinaiticus is an ancient, handwritten copy of the Greek Bible dated to 330-360 AD.

Discovered in 1850 by Constantin von Tischendorf, a German evolutionist theologian, at St. Catherine's Monastery at Mount Sinai.

Sinaiticus is an Alexandrian text-type manuscript written on parchment. Currently stored in the British Library, London.

Sinaiticus is an invaluable resource for critical studies of biblical text.

Codex Sinaiticus may have been one of the 50 Bibles commissioned by Emperor Constantine in 331 AD.
Definitions
ATTESTED
To bear witness to; certify; declare to be correct, true, or genuine; declare the truth of, in words or writing, especially affirm in an official capacity:
OMITTED
To leave out; fail to include or mention:
 
The original manuscripts are referenced for Sinaiticus and Vaticanus, and not later revised versions, which may have 'corrected' the text.


The table below lists Bible verses which are Attested (included) or Omitted (missing) from manuscripts and Bible versions.


Matthew 12:47
Then one said unto him, Behold, thy mother and thy brethren stand without, desiring to speak with thee.
ATTESTED
KJVCEVNABNJBNLTNWTREBTEV
ATTESTED
WITH FOOTNOTE
NIVNRSV
OMITTED
ESVRSV
Matthew 16:3
And in the morning, It will be foul weather to day: for the sky is red and lowering. O ye hypocrites, ye can discern the face of the sky; but can ye not discern the signs of the times?
ATTESTED
KJV
OMITTED
Matthew 17:21
Howbeit this kind goeth not out but by prayer and fasting.
ATTESTED
KJV
OMITTED
CEVESVNABNIVNJBNLTNRSVNWTREBRSVTEV
Matthew 18:11
For the Son of man is come to save that which was lost
ATTESTED
KJV
OMITTED
CEVESVNABNIVNJBNLTNRSVNWTREBRSVTEV
Church fathers, Origen (ca. ad 185–254) and Eusebius of Caesarea (ca. ad 260–340) show no awareness of Matthew 18:11 in their commentaries. It seems fairly certain that it was a later interpolation and thus is not authentic to Matthew.
Matthew 21:44
And whosoever shall fall on this stone shall be broken: but on whomsoever it shall fall, it will grind him to powder
ATTESTED
KJV
ATTESTED
WITH FOOTNOTE
CEVESVNABNIVNLTNWTNRSVREB
OMITTED
NJBRSVTEV
Matthew 23:14
Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for ye devour widows' houses, and for a pretence make long prayer: therefore ye shall receive the greater damnation.
ATTESTED
KJV
OMITTED
CEVESVNABNIVNJBNLTNRSVNWTREBRSVTEV
Matthew 24:35
Heaven and earth shall pass away, but my words shall not pass away
ATTESTED
KJV
OMITTED
Mark 1:33
And all the city was gathered together at the door
ATTESTED
KJV
OMITTED
Mark 7:16
If any man have ears to hear, let him hear
ATTESTED
KJV
OMITTED
CEVESVNABNIVNLTNRSVNWTREBRSVTEV
Mark 9:44
Where their worm dieth not, and the fire is not quenched
ATTESTED
KJV
OMITTED
CEVESVNABNIVNJBNLTNRSVNWTREBRSVTEV
Mark 9:46
Where their worm dieth not, and the fire is not quenched
ATTESTED
KJV
OMITTED
CEVESVNABNIVNJBNLTNRSVNWTREBRSVTEV
Mark 11:26
But if ye do not forgive, neither will your Father which is in heaven forgive your trespasses
ATTESTED
KJV
OMITTED
CEVESVNABNIVNJBNLTNRSVNWTREBRSVTEV
Mark 15:28
And the scripture was fulfilled, which saith, And he was numbered with the transgressors
ATTESTED
KJV
OMITTED
CEVESVNABNIVNJBNLTNRSVNWTREBRSVTEV
Mark 15:28 does not appear in any NT manuscript until end of 6th century (Uncial 083).
Mark 16:9-20
Now when Jesus was risen early the first day of the week, he appeared first to Mary Magdalene, out of whom he had cast seven devils. And she went and told them that had been with him, as they mourned and wept. And they, when they had heard that he was alive, and had been seen of her, believed not. After that he appeared in another form unto two of them, as they walked, and went into the country. And they went and told it unto the residue: neither believed they them. Afterward he appeared unto the eleven as they sat at meat, and upbraided them with their unbelief and hardness of heart, because they believed not them which had seen him after he was risen. And he said unto them, Go ye into all the world, and preach the gospel to every creature. He that believeth and is baptized shall be saved; but he that believeth not shall be damned. And these signs shall follow them that believe; In my name shall they cast out devils; they shall speak with new tongues; they shall take up serpents; and if they drink any deadly thing, it shall not hurt them; they shall lay hands on the sick, and they shall recover. So then after the Lord had spoken unto them, he was received up into heaven, and sat on the right hand of God. And they went forth, and preached every where, the Lord working with them, and confirming the word with signs following. Amen.
ATTESTED
KJV
ATTESTED
WITH FOOTNOTE
CEVESVNABNIVNJBNLTNRSVNWTREBRSVTEV
OMITTED
  • Clement of Alexandria (ca. ad 150–215) and Origen likely were not aware of Mark 16:9-20 because they were absent in their copies of Mark.
  • Eusebius of Caesarea (263-339 AD), reports that Mark 16:9–20 are likely spurious and do not appear in the more 'accurate' copies of the Gospel of Mark.
  • Jerome (ca. ad 345–420) remarks Mark (16:9-20) verses were missing in most copies of the scriptures.
  • Luke 10:32
    And likewise a Levite, when he was at the place, came and looked on him, and passed by on the other side
    ATTESTED
    KJV
    OMITTED
    Luke 17:35
    Two women shall be grinding together; the one shall be taken, and the other left
    ATTESTED
    KJV
    OMITTED
    Luke 17:36
    Two men shall be in the field; the one shall be taken, and the other left.
    ATTESTED
    KJV
    OMITTED
    CEVESVNABNIVNJBNLTNRSVNWTREBRSVTEV
  • Erasmus could not find Luke 17:36 in any of the Greek manuscripts he was consulting.
  • Luke 17:36 is not in the Textus Receptus, but was included in the KJV through the influence of the Latin Vulgate.
  • Luke 22:43-44
    And there appeared an angel unto him from heaven, strengthening him. And being in an agony he prayed more earnestly: and his sweat was as it were great drops of blood falling down to the ground.
    ATTESTED
    KJV
    ATTESTED
    IN BRACKETS
    CEVESVNABNIVNJBNLTNRSVNWTREBTEV
    OMITTED
    RSV
  • Bruce Metzger thinks Luke 22:43-44 are not original to Luke, and probably 'added from an early source, oral or written, of extra-canonical traditions concerning the life and passion of Jesus.'
  • Raymond Brown argues that a weak Jesus in Luke 22:43-44 ostensibly contradicted Greco-Roman expectations of courage and bravery before death.
  • Luke 23:17
    For of necessity he must release one unto them at the feast
    ATTESTED
    KJV
    OMITTED
    CEVESVNABNIVNJBNLTNRSVNWTREBRSVTEV
    Luke 23:34
    hen said Jesus, Father, forgive them; for they know not what they do. And they parted his raiment, and cast lots.
    ATTESTED
    KJV
    OMITTED
    John 4:9
    Then saith the woman of Samaria unto him, How is it that thou, being a Jew, askest drink of me, which am a woman of Samaria? for the Jews have no dealings with the Samaritans.
    ATTESTED
    KJV
    OMITTED
     
    John 5:4
    For an angel went down at a certain season into the pool, and troubled the water: whosoever then first after the troubling of the water stepped in was made whole of whatsoever disease he had
    ATTESTED
    KJV
    OMITTED
    CEVESVNABNIVNJBNLTNRSVNWTREBRSVTEV
    John 7:53-8:11
    And every man went unto his own house. Jesus went unto the mount of Olives. And early in the morning he came again into the temple, and all the people came unto him; and he sat down, and taught them. And the scribes and Pharisees brought unto him a woman taken in adultery; and when they had set her in the midst, They say unto him, Master, this woman was taken in adultery, in the very act. Now Moses in the law commanded us, that such should be stoned: but what sayest thou? This they said, tempting him, that they might have to accuse him. But Jesus stooped down, and with his finger wrote on the ground, as though he heard them not. So when they continued asking him, he lifted up himself, and said unto them, He that is without sin among you, let him first cast a stone at her. And again he stooped down, and wrote on the ground. And they which heard it, being convicted by their own conscience, went out one by one, beginning at the eldest, even unto the last: and Jesus was left alone, and the woman standing in the midst. When Jesus had lifted up himself, and saw none but the woman, he said unto her, Woman, where are those thine accusers? hath no man condemned thee? She said, No man, Lord. And Jesus said unto her, Neither do I condemn thee: go, and sin no more
    ATTESTED
    KJV
    ATTESTED
    IN BRACKETS
    CEVESVNABNIVNJBNLTNRSVNWTREBRSVTEV
    OMITTED
  • Origen, in his Commentary on John, skips directly from John 7:52 to 8:12, so evidently none of the third-century copies of John known to Origen contained this story.
  • Tertullian and Cyprian (d. ad 258) show no awareness of the story in John 7:53-8:11.
  • John 9:38
    And he said, Lord, I believe. And he worshipped him
    ATTESTED
    KJV
    OMITTED
    John 16:15
    All things that the Father hath are mine: therefore said I, that he shall take of mine, and shall shew it unto you
    ATTESTED
    KJV
    OMITTED
    John 19:20
    This title then read many of the Jews: for the place where Jesus was crucified was nigh to the city: and it was written in Hebrew, and Greek, and Latin
    ATTESTED
    KJV
    OMITTED
    John 20:5
    And he stooping down, and looking in, saw the linen clothes lying; yet went he not in
    ATTESTED
    KJV
    OMITTED
    John 20:6
    Then cometh Simon Peter following him, and went into the sepulchre, and seeth the linen clothes lie,
    ATTESTED
    KJV
    OMITTED
    John 21:25
    And there are also many other things which Jesus did, the which, if they should be written every one, I suppose that even the world itself could not contain the books that should be written. Amen
    ATTESTED
    KJV
    OMITTED
    Acts 8:37
    And Philip said, If thou believest with all thine heart, thou mayest. And he answered and said, I believe that Jesus Christ is the Son of God.
    ATTESTED
    KJV
    OMITTED
    CEVESVNABNIVNJBNLTNRSVNWTREBRSVTEV
  • The earliest attestation in a codex for Acts 8:37 is in Codex Laudianus (c. 550 AD)
  • Acts 15:34
    Notwithstanding it pleased Silas to abide there still
    ATTESTED
    KJV
    OMITTED
    CEVESVNABNIVNJBNLTNRSVNWTREBRSVTEV
    Acts 24:7
    But the chief captain Lysias came upon us, and with great violence took him away out of our hands
    ATTESTED
    KJV
    OMITTED
    CEVESVNABNIVNJBNLTNRSVNWTREBRSVTEV
    Acts 28:29
    And when he had said these words, the Jews departed, and had great reasoning among themselves
    ATTESTED
    KJV
    OMITTED
    CEVESVNABNIVNJBNLTNRSVNWTREBRSVTEV
  • Erasmus: 'I did not find the words (Acts 28:29) in several old manuscripts'.
  • Romans 16:24
    The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you all. Amen
    ATTESTED
    KJV
    OMITTED
    CEVESVNABNIVNJBNLTNRSVNWTREBRSVTEV
    1 Corinthians 2:15
    But he that is spiritual judgeth all things, yet he himself is judged of no man
    ATTESTED
    KJV
    OMITTED
    1 Corinthians 13:1-2
    Though I speak with the tongues of men and of angels, and have not charity, I am become as sounding brass, or a tinkling cymbal. And though I have the gift of prophecy, and understand all mysteries, and all knowledge; and though I have all faith, so that I could remove mountains, and have not charity, I am nothing.
    ATTESTED
    KJV
    OMITTED
    1 Peter 5:3
    not lording it over those entrusted to you, but being examples to the flock
    ATTESTED
    KJVCEVESVNABNIVNJBNLTNRSVNWTREBRSVTEV
    OMITTED
    1 John 5:7-8
    1 John 5:7b–8a
    For there are three that bear record in heaven, the Father, the Word, and the Holy Ghost: and these three are one

    ALTERNATIVE TEXT
    For they that testify are three, the Spirit, and the water, and the blood, and the three are one
    ATTESTED
    KJV
    ATTESTED
    ALTERNATIVE TEXT
    CEVESVNABNIVNJBNLTNRSVNWTREBRSVTEV
  • Clement of Alexandria cites: 'For there are three that bear witness, the spirit, and the water, and the blood, and these three are one'.
  • Not a single church father writing in Greek cited these verses in defense of the Trinity theology, surprising, as 1 John 5:7b-8a is the only explicit Trinitarian formula in the entire NT.
  • Tertullian, Cyprian and Augustine reveal that 1 John 5:7b–8a was not in the earliest fragmentary Old Latin versions of the NT.
  • Jerome's Vulgate did not contain 1 John 5:7b–8a either.
  • The earliest Greek manuscript to contain 1  John 5:7b–8a is a 10th century manuscript in which these verses are added as part of an alternative reading.
  • From 5,400 known Greek manuscripts of the NT, only 8 contain 1 John 5:7b–8a ('Johannine Comma') from 15th or 16th century.
  • Erasmus (1466-1536) omitted 1 John 5:7b–8a from his first two editions of the Greek NT: 'I shall merely say that I examined at various times more than seven manuscripts and did not find in any of them what we read in our texts. If I had come across one manuscript that had the reading found in our texts, I would have added the phrase missing in the others on the strength of that one. Since that did not happen I did the only thing possible and indicated what was lacking in the Greek texts'.
  • Summary
    The Codex Sinaiticus and Vaticanus are the oldest, complete Bibles available today.

    When compared to the King James (KJV), or any other Bible version, many conflicting and 'confusing' attestations and omissions are presented.

    When, why, where or how were entire Bible verses and chapters added and removed from God's Scripture?

    It is beyond the scope of this article to explore the above questions. Modern Biblical scholarship document and acknowledge the above textual modifications, but would explain these as textual embellishments and not textual corruption.


    CREDIT
    A Text-Critical Comparison of the King James New Testament with Certain Modern Translations. Lincoln H Blumell. 2011 pp.76-124
    https://publications.mi.byu.edu/publications/studies/3/S00005-507d9078d7fe9Blumell.pdf

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Codex_Sinaiticus
    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Codex_Vaticanus
    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Comparison_of_codices_Sinaiticus_and_Vaticanus

    http://www.codexsinaiticus.org/
    https://greeknewtestament.net/
    https://dorightchristians.wordpress.com/tag/codex-vaticanus/
    https://badmanna.wordpress.com/2013/11/10/sinaiticus-and-vaticanus-the-oldest-and-best-manuscripts-taken-from-will-kinneys-kjv-website/
    https://www.quora.com/The-oldest-version-of-the-Bible-is-the-Sinai-Bible-and-is-housed-in-the-British-Museum-There-are-14-800-differences-between-it-and-the-King-James-version-why

    https://www.ecclesia.org/truth/manuscript_evidence.html
    Searching for the Original Bible. Randall Price p.78
    The Text of the New Testament in Contemporary Research: Essays on the Status Question. Bart D. Ehrman (Studies & Documents) 1995 p.246
    Metzger, Textual Commentary on the Greek New Testament, p.151
    124 views · 1 day ago |   Author: Guest   •   Updated: 06 Oct 2018
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