Bible OT - Manuscript Dating reveals 1303 year gap in evidence  

Dating the Old Testament, Hebrew Bible and Torah with Dead Sea Scrolls reveals between 303 to 1303 years of missing history.

The Old Testament is based primarily upon the Hebrew Bible, a collection of ancient religious writings by the Israelites believed by Jews and Christians to be the sacred word of God.

The Dead Sea Scrolls (DSS) are the oldest, surviving manuscripts for the Old Testament. The table below lists the Old Testament books, year of authorship, and Dead Sea Scroll (Manuscript) dating.

Switch to New Testament

  Law
1
GENESIS      1283 YEAR GAP 1
DATE: 2 1400 BC
DSS: 3 356 BC-122 AD
GAP: 4 1044-1522 Years
CALCULATIONS
Lower Range: 1400-356=1044 yr
Upper Range: 1400+122=1522 yr
Median:(1044+1522)/2=1283 yr

1    YEAR GAP is the number of years (median gap) during which their is NO physical manuscript evidence for the text. A high Year Gap decreases the reliability of the text, i.e. copying tradition, high probability of textual corruption, unauthorised edits and additions which become impossible to verify later.

2    DATE is the approximate date of writing according to Biblical scholarship. Where a date range is used, the median is calculated and rounded to the nearest year.

3    DEAD SEA SCROLL (DSS) is the earliest manuscript discovery for the Old Testament, Hebrew Bible and Torah.

356 BC-122 AD is the date range attributed to the DSS including Carbon Age and Paleographic Age raw data, . The range is based on second 1994 run of carbon dating on DSS samples. See Robert Eisenman. Steve Braunheim. Joseph Atwill. Redating The Radiocarbon Dating of the Dead Sea Scrolls, p.146

4    GAP shows the range in years during which the text did not exist.
2
EXODUS      1283 YEAR GAP
DATE: 1400 BC
DSS: 356 BC-122 AD
GAP: 1044-1522 Years
3
LEVITICUS      1283 YEAR GAP
DATE: 1400 BC
DSS: 356 BC-122 AD
GAP: 1044-1522 Years
4
NUMBERS      1283 YEAR GAP
DATE: 1400 BC
DSS: 356 BC-122 AD
GAP: 1044-1522 Years
5
DEUTERONOMY      1293 YEAR GAP
DATE: 1410 BC
DSS: 356 BC-122 AD
GAP: 1054-1532 Years
  OT Narrative
6
JOSHUA      1303 YEAR GAP
DATE: 1420 BC
DSS: 356 BC-122 AD
GAP: 1064-1542 Years
7
JUDGES      906 YEAR GAP
DATE: 1023 BC
DSS: 356 BC-122 AD
GAP: 667-1145 Years
8
RUTH      854 YEAR GAP
DATE: 971 BC
DSS: 356 BC-122 AD
GAP: 615-1093 Years
9
1 SAMUEL      921 YEAR GAP
DATE: 1038 BC
DSS: 356 BC-122 AD
GAP: 682-1160 Years
10
2 SAMUEL      843 YEAR GAP
DATE: 960 BC
DSS: 356 BC-122 AD
GAP: 604-1082 Years
11
1 KINGS      433 YEAR GAP
DATE: 550 BC
DSS: 356 BC-122 AD
GAP: 194-672 Years
12
2 KINGS      433 YEAR GAP
DATE: 550 BC
DSS: 356 BC-122 AD
GAP: 194-672 Years
13
1 CHRONICLES      321 YEAR GAP
DATE: 438 BC
DSS: 356 BC-122 AD
GAP: 82-560 Years
14
2 CHRONICLES      321 YEAR GAP
DATE: 438 BC
DSS: 356 BC-122 AD
GAP: 82-560 Years
15
EZRA      333 YEAR GAP
DATE: 450 BC
DSS: 356 BC-122 AD
GAP: 94-572 Years
16
NEHEMIAH      316 YEAR GAP
DATE: 433 BC
DSS: 356 BC-122 AD
GAP: 77-555 Years
17
ESTHER      288 YEAR GAP
DATE: 405 BC
DSS: 356 BC-122 AD
GAP: 49-527 Years
  Wisdom Literature
18
JOB      1078 YEAR GAP
DATE: 1195 BC
DSS: 356 BC-122 AD
GAP: 839-1317 Years
19
PSALMS      651 YEAR GAP
DATE: 768 BC
DSS: 356 BC-122 AD
GAP: 412-890 Years
20
PROVERBS      783 YEAR GAP
DATE: 900 BC
DSS: 356 BC-122 AD
GAP: 544-1022 Years
21
ECCLESIASTES (APOCRYPHA)      818 YEAR GAP
DATE: 935 BC
DSS: 356 BC-122 AD
GAP: 579-1057 Years
22
SONG OF SOLOMON      848 YEAR GAP
DATE: 965 BC
DSS: 356 BC-122 AD
GAP: 609-1087 Years
  Major Prophets
23
ISAIAH      574 YEAR GAP
DATE: 691 BC
DSS: 356 BC-122 AD
GAP: 335-813 Years
24
JEREMIAH      488 YEAR GAP
DATE: 605 BC
DSS: 356 BC-122 AD
GAP: 249-727 Years
25
LAMENTATIONS      464 YEAR GAP
DATE: 581 BC
DSS: 356 BC-122 AD
GAP: 225-703 Years
26
EZEKIEL      462 YEAR GAP
DATE: 579 BC
DSS: 356 BC-122 AD
GAP: 223-701 Years
27
DANIEL      418 YEAR GAP
DATE: 535 BC
DSS: 356 BC-122 AD
GAP: 179-657 Years
  Minor Prophets
28
HOSEA      623 YEAR GAP
DATE: 740 BC
DSS: 356 BC-122 AD
GAP: 384-862 Years
29
JOEL      701 YEAR GAP
DATE: 818 BC
DSS: 356 BC-122 AD
GAP: 462-940 Years
30
AMOS      640 YEAR GAP
DATE: 757 BC
DSS: 356 BC-122 AD
GAP: 401-879 Years
31
OBADIAH      727 YEAR GAP
DATE: 844 BC
DSS: 356 BC-122 AD
GAP: 488-966 Years
32
JONAH      659 YEAR GAP
DATE: 776 BC
DSS: 356 BC-122 AD
GAP: 420-898 Years
33
MICAH      601 YEAR GAP
DATE: 718 BC
DSS: 356 BC-122 AD
GAP: 362-840 Years
34
NAHUM      521 YEAR GAP
DATE: 638 BC
DSS: 356 BC-122 AD
GAP: 282-760 Years
35
HABAKKUK      491 YEAR GAP
DATE: 608 BC
DSS: 356 BC-122 AD
GAP: 252-730 Years
36
ZEPHANIAH      613 YEAR GAP
DATE: 730 BC
DSS: 356 BC-122 AD
GAP: 374-852 Years
37
HAGGAI      403 YEAR GAP
DATE: 520 BC
DSS: 356 BC-122 AD
GAP: 164-642 Years
38
ZECHARIAH      378 YEAR GAP
DATE: 495 BC
DSS: 356 BC-122 AD
GAP: 139-617 Years
39
MALACHI      303 YEAR GAP
DATE: 420 BC
DSS: 356 BC-122 AD
GAP: 64-542 Years


QURAN      0 YEAR GAP
The Birmingham Quran manuscript is a parchment on which two leaves of an early Quranic manuscript are written. In 2015 the manuscript, which is held in the UK by the University of Birmingham, was radiocarbon dated to between 568 and 645 AD with 95.4% accuracy.

The test was carried out in a laboratory at the University of Oxford. The result places the leaves close to the time of the Prophet Muhammad, who is generally thought to have lived between 570 and 632 AD.
W Birmingham_Quran_manuscript


The tests carried out on the parchment of the Birmingham folios yield the strong probability that the animal from which it was taken was alive during the lifetime of the Prophet Muhammad or shortly afterwards.

These portions must have been in a form that is very close to the form of the Quran read today, supporting the view that the [Quran] text has undergone little or no alteration and that it can be dated to a point very close to the time it was believed to be revealed.

David Thomas, Professor of Christianity and Islam. University of Birmingham
  Birmingham University


CREDIT
https://callingchristians.com/2017/04/05/a-brief-insight-into-the-new-testaments-prototyping
https://www.birmingham.ac.uk/news/latest/2015/07/quran-manuscript-22-07-15.aspx
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Birmingham_Quran_manuscript
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dating_the_Bible
214 views · 1 day ago |   Author: Guest   •   Updated: 26 Sep 2018
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