Jesus - Crucifixion in the Gospels  

Christian theology teaches Jesus' death provided the perfect atoning sacrifice for the sins of all humankind

Collectively referred to as the Passion, Jesus' suffering and redemptive death by crucifixion are the central aspects of Christian theology concerning the doctrines of salvation and atonement. Thus making the crucifix, or cross, one of the defining symbols of Christianity.

Many people believe the gospels Mark, Matthew, Luke and John contain the actual words of Jesus. The comparison grid below compares the gospels of Mark, Matthew, Luke and John as they record the same historical event, the crucifixion of Jesus, often with significant textual differences.


  Mark Matthew Luke John
Crucifixion | BEFORE
Pilate asks if Jesus or Barabbas be released? Barabbas Barabbas Barabbas Barabbas
Crucifixion Jesus handed over
Jesus handed over
Jesus handed over
Jesus handed over
On way to Golgotha No mention No mention Jesus speaks to women No mention
Arrive at Golgotha Jesus arrives
Jesus arrives
Jesus arrives
Jesus arrives
Who carried the cross? Simon of Cyrene
Simon of Cyrene
Simon of Cyrene
Jesus
Crucifixion | AFTER
Inscription on cross "The King Of The Jews"
"This Is Jesus The King Of The Jews"
"This is the King Of The Jews"
"Jesus Of Nazareth The King Of The Jews"
Crown of thorns placed on Jesus' head? YES YES No mention YES
Who is present at the crucifixion? Mary Magdalene
Mary, mother of James the less and of Joses
Salome

Watch Jesus from afar
Mary Magdalene
Mary, mother of Jesus
Mother of Zebedee children

Watch Jesus from afar
Women are present, but not named

Watch Jesus from afar
Mary Magdalene
Mary, mother of Jesus
Marys sister
Mary, wife of Clopas

Jesus talks to Mary, his mother (contrary to Roman practice)
Crucifixion time Third hour (9:00am)
Sixth hour
Sixth hour
After the Sixth hour
Crucifixion day 15th day of Nissan
First day of Passover
15th day of Nissan
First day of Passover
15th day of Nissan
First day of Passover
14th day of Nissan
Day before Passover
  Mark, Matthew and Luke insist the Last Supper was a Passover Seder. Therefore the crucifixion occurred on the first day of Passover. Crucifixion occurred on the eve of Passover
Other crucifixions Two thieves on either side. No conversation Two thieves on either side taunt Jesus Two malefactors Two others
Do thieves mock Jesus? YES YES NO
One thief mocks Jesus. The other asks to be remembered in his kingdom
No mention
Do passers-by mock Jesus? YES
YES
YES
No mention
What drink was Jesus offered? Wine and myrrh. He tastes it, but does not drink Wine and gall. He tastes it, but does not drink Vinegar (sour wine) offered by soldiers Vinegar (sour wine). He drinks it
What were Jesus' last words? "Eloi, Eloi, lama sabachthani?" = "My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me?" "Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani?" = "My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me? "Father, into thy hands I commit my spirit." "It is finished."
How long was Jesus on cross? 6 hours
Darkness from the sixth to the ninth hour (12 pm to 3 pm)
6 hours
Darkness from the sixth to the ninth hour (12 pm to 3 pm)
6 hours
Darkness from the sixth to the ninth hour (12 pm to 3 pm)
No mention
What happened at point of his death? Temple veil torn
No earthquake
Temple veil torn
Huge earthquake, graves opened, saints resurrected
Temple veil torn
No earthquake
No mention
Crucifixion | AFTER
What do Roman soldiers say after the crucifixion? "Truly this man was the son of God" "Truly this was the son of God" "Truly this man was innocent" No mention
What soldiers do to ensure Jesus is dead? No mention No mention No mention A soldier pierces Jesus' side with a spear; legs of others are broken
How does Pilate react to Jesus' death? Pilate is surprised to hear that Jesus is dead in 6-hours of being nailed to the cross No mention No mention No mention
How did Jesus die after 6 hours on the cross? Crucifixion was designed as a slow and painful means to death. Normally, a crucified person would take 3 to 7 days to die. The Romans would make a public example of the crucified person and leave them hanging for days or even weeks; so people could witness the ruthless nature of the Roman authorities
Burial In Tomb
Who is present at the burial? Mary Magdalene
Mary, mother of Joses
Mary Magdalene
"the other Mary"
Women are present but not named
No mention
Is Mary Magdalene at the burial? YES YES YES No mention
What happened at the burial? Joseph of Arimathaea asks Pilate for Jesus' body. Joseph wraps the body in a linen cloth, and buries Jesus in his own tomb. A stone is rolled over the door of the tomb Joseph and Nicodemus wrap the body in a linen cloth with spices, and bury Jesus in a tomb
Were guards placed at Tomb? No mention The Jews ask Pilate for guard. He gives a guard and seals Tomb No mention No mention
Who discovers the empty Tomb? 3 Women
Mary Magdalene
Mary, mother of James
Salome
2 Women
Mary Magdalene
"the other Mary"
3 Women
Mary Magdalene
Joanna
Mary, mother of James
"others with them"
1 Woman
Mary Magdalene
1157 views · 6 hrs ago |   Author: Guest   •   Updated: 21 May 2018
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The Crucifixion is Just as Important as the Resurrection   Patheos 1
163 views · 3 days ago · Published: 13 Apr 2017
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