Prophet Timeline  

3950
BC
Creation of Adam & Eve
Genesis 5:3
ADAM
3820
BC
Birth of Seth
Genesis 5:6
SETH
3715
BC
Birth of Enos
Genesis 5:9
3625
BC
Birth of Cainan
Genesis 5:12
CAIN
3555
BC
Birth of Mahalaleel
Genesis 5:15
3490
BC
Birth of Jared
Genesis 5:18
3328
BC
Birth of Enoch
Genesis 5:21
ENOCH
3263
BC
Birth of Mathuselah
Genesis 5:25
METHUSALEH
3076
BC
Birth of Lamech
Genesis 5:28
2894
BC
Birth of Noah
Genesis 7:6
NOAH
2294
BC
Beginning of Flood
Genesis 7:11; 8:13
NOAH
2293
BC
Noah leaves the Ark
Genesis 11:10
NOAH
2291
BC
Birth of Arphaxed
Genesis 11:12
ARPHAXAD
2256
BC
Birth of Salah
Genesis 11:14
2226
BC
Birth of Eber
Genesis 11:16
EBER
2192
BC
Birth of Peleg
Genesis 11:18
2174
BC
Tower of Babel

2166
BC
Abraham was born

Abraham was born
Abraham was born in the great city of Ur in what is now southern Iraq. Ur was a city-state and it was part of an ancient culture called the Sumerian. Hundreds of years before Abraham was born the Sumerians had become highly civilized.

2162
BC
Birth of Reu
Genesis 11:20
2130
BC
Birth of Serug
Genesis 11:22
2100
BC
Birth of Nahor
Genesis 11:24
2071
BC
Birth of Terah
Genesis 11:26
TERAH
2066
BC
Abraham and Sarah had a son called Isaac

Abraham and Sarah had a son called Isaac
Both Abraham and Sarah were very old and having a son was a great blessing. His name Isaac means 'he laughs'. When he grew up Isaac married Rebekah.

2006
BC
Jacob and his brother Esau were born to Isaac and Rebekah

Jacob and his brother Esau were born to Isaac and Rebekah
When they grew up Jacob, with help from his mother, disguised himself as Esau and tricked his father Isaac into blessing him. At that time people believed that if a father blessed his son that son would become the leader of the family after his father's death. Furthermore he would inherit a double portion of his father's property. They also believed that once a blessing was given it could not be withdrawn. A blessing was legally binding.

2001
BC
Birth of Abraham
Genesis 12:4
ABRAHAM
2000
BC
The inhabitants of France and Britain learned to use bronze tools and weapons (rather than stone)

2000
BC
The Minoan civilization arose on the island of Crete

1926
BC
Abraham leaves Haran
Genesis 16:16
ABRAHAM
1915
BC
Birth of Ishmael
Genesis 21:5
ISHMAEL
1915
BC
Joseph was born

1901
BC
Birth of Isaac
Genesis 25:26
ISAAC
1898
BC
Joseph was sold into slavery

Joseph was sold into slavery
Jacob had 12 sons but Joseph was his favorite. Their father's favoritism made the other brothers jealous. One day they sold Joseph as a slave and told their father Jacob that Joseph was dead. Joseph was taken to Egypt and sold to a man named Potiphar.

After being falsely accused by Potiphar's wife Joseph was sent to prison. However God enabled Joseph to interpret dreams. He interpreted those of a butler and a baker. The butler was later released.

Later still Pharaoh had a dream, which no one could interpret. The butler remembered Joseph and suggested he might be able to help. Joseph was summoned and God enabled him to interpret the dream. It foretold seven years of plenty followed by seven years of famine.

At that time Egypt was one of the richest and most advanced societies on earth. However farming in Egypt depended on the Nile. Each spring the Nile flooded and deposited a layer of silt over the farmland. If the flood was large the harvest would be good. However if the Nile failed to flood famine would occur. Joseph suggested stockpiling food during the good years and rationing it during the famine years. Pharaoh then made him Vizier, or second in command.

1876
BC
Joseph's father and brothers settled in Egypt

Joseph's father and brothers settled in Egypt
Joseph was eventually reconciled with his brothers and the Pharaoh welcomed his family to come and live in Egypt

1841
BC
Birth of Jacob
Genesis 47:9
JACOB
1750
BC
Birth of Joseph
Genesis 41:46; 41:53; 45:
JOSEPH
1711
BC
Jacob enters Egypt
Genesis 47:28
JACOB
1694
BC
Death of Jacob
Genesis 49:33
JACOB
1640
BC
Death of Joseph
Genesis 50:22;50:26
JOSEPH
1600
BC
The Israelites were enslaved by the Egyptians

The Israelites were enslaved by the Egyptians
In time the Israelites grew in number and Egyptians were afraid of so many foreigners living among them. They felt that the Israelites were a threat to their internal security so they enslaved them. Pharaoh also ordered the midwives to kill all male children but they disobeyed.

1600
BC
Civilization spread to mainland Greece

1576
BC
Birth of Moses
Exodus 7:7
MOSES
1576
BC
Moses is born into this regime (Pharaoh Pepy II)
Exodus 2:2
1526
BC
Moses was born

Moses was born
An Israelite woman named Jochebed gave birth to a boy and she hid him in a basket on the Nile, among the reeds. Pharaoh’s daughter found the child and adopted him. However when he grew up Moses killed an Egyptian and was forced to flee from Egypt.

1500
BC
The Chinese invented a form of writing using thousands of characters

1496
BC
Exodus from Egypt (Moses)
Exodus 16:35
MOSES
1477
BC
Moses leaves Egypt, dwells in Arabia (Midian)

MOSES
1456
BC
Crossing of Jordan (Moses)
Joshua 14:7;24:29
MOSES
1451
BC
Dividing of the Land (Moses)
Joshua 14:7-10
MOSES
1446
BC
The Exodus of the Israelites from Egypt

The Exodus of the Israelites from Egypt
God appeared to Moses in a burning bush. He told Moses to lead the Israelites out of slavery in Egypt.

1444
BC
Spies were sent into Canaan

Spies were sent into Canaan
God told Moses to send spies to explore Canaan. Two of them, Joshua and Caleb were convinced they could capture the land. However 10 spies reported that the Canaanites were much too strong to be conquered. The people did not believe that with God on their side they could do it. Instead they rebelled and refused to invade Canaan.

1426
BC
Judges begin leading Israel
Joshua 24:29
1406
BC
Moses died and Joshua took over

Moses died and Joshua took over
Finally the Israelites invaded Canaan. At that time Canaan was divided into city-states. Each little country had a fortified city as its center. The Israelites invaded Canaan from the east across the River Jordan. God caused the River Jordan to dry up to allow the Israelites to pass. They then destroyed the city of Ai.

1250
BC
In England Stonehenge was built in stages over a thousand years. It was completed at this time

1200
BC
The Greeks fought the Trojans

1105
BC
The prophet Samuel was born

The prophet Samuel was born
During his lifetimes the Israelites fought the Philistines. They were originally from Crete and they invaded Canaan from the sea. The Philistines lived in Southwest Canaan and they fought the Israelites as both peoples tried to dominate the region.

1100
BC
Saul (first king) begins reign
Acts 13:21
1060
BC
David begins reign
2 Samuel 5:4
DAVID
1050
BC
Saul became king

Saul became king
Until then the Israelites were divided into twelve tribes. However the people demanded a king to rule over them. So Samuel anointed Saul as the first king of Israel. Saul first defeated the Ammonites (a people who lived Northeast of the Dead Sea). He also fought a series of wars against the Philistines.

1020
BC
Solomon begins reign
1 Kings 6:1
SOLOMON
1016
BC
Solomon builds the Temple
1 Kings 11:42
SOLOMON
1010
BC
Saul and his son Jonathan were killed in a battle with the Philistines

1003
BC
David was king of Judah

David was king of Judah
After Saul's death David was accepted as king by the tribe of Judah but at first he was not accepted by the rest of Israel

1003
BC
David became king of all Israel

David became king of all Israel
Eventually all the tribes accepted David as king. Furthermore David captured Jerusalem from a people called the Jebusites.

980
BC
Rehoboam begins reign
1 Kings 14:21
970
BC
Solomon was king of Israel

Solomon was king of Israel
During Solomon's reign Israel became a rich country. Solomon built a great palace for himself. He also built a magnificent temple in Jerusalem. However Solomon also alienated the people by imposing heavy taxes and using forced labour.

963
BC
Abijah begins reign
1 Kings 15:2
960
BC
Asa begins reign
1 Kings 15:9-10
930
BC
Solomon died and Rehoboam became king

Solomon died and Rehoboam became king
The Israelites appealed to Rehoboam to reduce the burdens his father laid on them but he refused. As a result the kingdom split. Judah and Benjamin formed the kingdom of Judah in the south with Jerusalem as its capital. Rehoboam continued to rule in Judah.

However in the north 10 tribes broke away and formed a kingdom they called Israel. Its capital was, at first, at Shechem and later at Samaria. Jeroboam was its first king.

After the split both kingdoms drifted away from God and turned to worshiping idols.

919
BC
Jehoshaphat begins reign
1 Kings 22:42
900
BC
The first civilization in South America arose, in Peru

894
BC
Jehoram beings reign
2 Kings 8:17
886
BC
Ahaziah begins reign
2 Kings 8:26
885
BC
Athaliah begins her reign
2 Kings 11:3
879
BC
Joash begins reign
2 Kings 12:1
874
BC
Ahab ruled the kingdom of Israel

Ahab ruled the kingdom of Israel
Ahab was a wicked man. He married an evil woman from Sidon (in modern day Lebanon) called Jezebel. Ahab also worshiped Baal the weather god and built a temple for him. Furthermore Jezebel killed many of God's prophets.

841
BC
Jehu ruled Israel

Jehu ruled Israel
He killed all of Ahab's family. He also killed the priests of Baal and the destroyed the priests of Baal. However Jehu was not a truly good man and he served God half-heartedly.

839
BC
Amaziah begins reign
2 Kings 14:2
810
BC
Azariah begins reign
2 Kings 15:2
800
BC
The Assyrians became a threat to Israel

The Assyrians became a threat to Israel
The Assyrians came from northern Iraq. After 900 BC they began building a great empire. The Assyrians were formidable soldiers but they were also infamous for their cruelty.

785
BC
The prophet Jonah lived around this time. Jonah means dove

760
BC
The prophet Amos lived around this time. Amos means one with a burden

The prophet Amos lived around this time. Amos means one with a burden
During Amos's lifetime Israel was a rich kingdom. However the wealth was very unevenly distributed. Amos was appalled by the oppression of the poor by the rich and he demanded social justice.

758
BC
Jotham begins reign
2 Kings 15:33
750
BC
The prophet Hosea appealed to the people of Israel to stop worshiping idols and return to God

750
BC
Rome was founded

742
BC
Ahaz begins reign
2 Kings 16:2
740
BC
The prophet Micah lived in Judah Micah strongly criticized the rich for oppressing the poor

740
BC
The great prophet Isaiah lived in Judah

738
BC
The Assyrians captured Galilee (the northern part of Israel) and deported many of the inhabitants to other parts of their empire

726
BC
Hezekiah begins reign
2 Kings 18:2
725
BC
Shalmaneser, ruler of the Assyrians captured Hoshea the last king of Israel

722
BC
After a 3 year siege the Assyrians captured Samaria, the capital of Israel

After a 3 year siege the Assyrians captured Samaria, the capital of Israel
The Assyrians deported many of the Israelites from Samaria to other parts of their empire. Only the poorest Israelites were left behind.

715
BC
Hezekiah was king of Judah Hezekiah was a good man who trusted God and removed idols

701
BC
Sennacherib the ruler of the Assyrians besieged Jerusalem

Sennacherib the ruler of the Assyrians besieged Jerusalem
The Assyrians boasted that no god had ever been able to save his people from their army. However during the night God killed many thousands of the Assyrian soldiers camped outside Jerusalem, saving the city.

697
BC
Manasseh begins reign
2 Kings 21:1
686
BC
Manasseh was king of Judah. Manasseh was an evil king who worshiped idols

650
BC
A people called the Celts arrived in Britain. They introduced iron tools and weapons

642
BC
Amon begins reign
2 Kings 21:19
640
BC
Josiah begins reign
2 Kings 22:1
640
BC
At this time Zephaniah prophesied that God would judge the surrounding nations

At this time Zephaniah prophesied that God would judge the surrounding nations
The prophet Zephaniah prophesied that the Assyrians, the Philistines, Moabites and Ammonites would all be judged. (Later they were destroyed by the Babylonians)

640
BC
Josiah was king of Israel

Josiah was king of Israel
Josiah was a good man who ordered men to repair God's temple in Jerusalem. By accident they found part of the Old Testament there and Josiah tried to enforce all of its requirements. Josiah tried to rid his kingdom of idols. Unfortunately after his death the people went back to worshiping idols.

630
BC
The prophet Nahum prophesied that Assyria would be destroyed

626
BC
The prophet Jeremiah lived at this time

The prophet Jeremiah lived at this time
Jeremiah prophesied the destruction of Judah as a judgement for her sins.

625
BC
Babylon, one of the cities ruled by the Assyrians rebelled

612
BC
The Assyrians were destroyed

The Assyrians were destroyed
The Babylonians and a people called the Medes from what is now Iran destroyed Nineveh the capital of the Assyrian Empire. So the Assyrian Empire came to an end.

609
BC
Jehoahaz begins reign
2 Kings 21:31
609
BC
Jehoakim begins reign
2 Kings 23:36
606
BC
Babylon besieges Israel
Daniel 1:1
605
BC
God warned the prophet Habakkuk that he was going to use the Babylonians to punish Judah

605
BC
The prophet Obadiah prophesied the destruction of the Edomites. (They were destroyed by the Babylonians).

597
BC
The Babylonians conquered Jerusalem

The Babylonians conquered Jerusalem
This time they took the king of Judah, Jehoiachin, prisoner and they placed Zedekiah on the throne as a puppet king. However Zedekiah rebelled and appealed to the Egyptians for help.

588
BC
Destruction of the first Temple
Jeremiah 52:12; 25:1
587
BC
The Babylonians captured Jerusalem again

The Babylonians captured Jerusalem again
Zedekiah was blinded and led away in chains. However this time the Babylonians deported all but the poorest people in Judah to other parts of the Babylonian Empire. They also plundered the temple in Jerusalem.

571
BC
While the Jews were in exile in Babylon Ezekiel had a series of visions

571
BC
The prophet Daniel served the king of Babylon

The prophet Daniel served the king of Babylon
In the Babylonian Empire the Jews lived in their own settlements. They were allowed to keep their own religion and customs. Some Jews rose to high positions in Babylon. One such was Daniel.

551
BC
Confucius lived in China

539
BC
The Persians captured Babylon bringing the Babylonian Empire to an end

The Persians captured Babylon bringing the Babylonian Empire to an end
However the Persians conquered the people previously ruled by the Babylonians and they created their own empire to replace the Babylonian Empire. The Persians were a tolerant people and they allowed each part of their empire a certain amount of independence.

538
BC
Cyrus, king of Persia allowed the Jews to return to their homeland and rebuild the temple in Jerusalem

536
BC
Cyrus decrees rebuilding Temple
2 Chronicles 36:21-23
536
BC
Rebuilding the temple began

Rebuilding the temple began
However the Samaritans offered to help. Zerubbabel the leader of the Israelites refused. However work soon stopped because of opposition from the Samaritans who were angry at being excluded from the work.

520
BC
The prophets Zechariah and Haggai encouraged people to rebuild the temple

516
BC
The Temple was completed

475
BC
A woman named Esther bravely risked her life to save her people. Esther means star

458
BC
Ezra led another group of Jews to Jerusalem

Ezra led another group of Jews to Jerusalem
Ezra found out that some Jews had married non-Jews. He commanded the people to separate from their non-Jewish wives.

445
BC
Artaxerxes decrees rebuilding Jerusalem
Nehemiah 2:1
445
BC
Nehemiah led more Jews to Jerusalem

Nehemiah led more Jews to Jerusalem
Led by Nehemiah the Jews rebuilt the walls of Jerusalem

430
BC
Malachi, the last Old Testament prophet lived at this time. Malachai means messenger

384
BC
The Greek philosopher Aristotle lived

334
BC
Alexander the Great invaded the Persian Empire

Alexander the Great invaded the Persian Empire
Alexander quickly conquered what is now Israel. Later he completely destroyed the Persian Empire. However Alexander died in 323 without an heir. His empire was then divided among his generals. A Greek general called Ptolemy took Egypt and Israel.

221
BC
Work began on the Great Wall of China

202
BC
The Romans defeated the Carthaginians (from North Africa)

The Romans defeated the Carthaginians (from North Africa)
The Romans defeated the Carthaginians (from North Africa) at the battle of Zama. Hannibal, the Carthaginian general later committed suicide. The Romans became the dominant power in the Mediterranean.

198
BC
The Seleucids captured Israel

The Seleucids captured Israel
After Alexander's death a general called Seleucus took Syria and Iraq. His descendants, the Seleucids later took Israel.

168
BC
A Seleucid named Antiochus Epiphanes (175-163) defiled the temple

A Seleucid named Antiochus Epiphanes (175-163) defiled the temple
He sacrificed to Zeus in the temple and tried to ban the Jewish religion. As a result the Jews rose in rebellion.

162
BC
After Antiochus the next Seleucid ruler granted the Jews religious freedom. However some Jews continued to fight for independence

142
BC
The Jews won their independence. However it did not last long as Rome was growing increasingly powerful

63
BC
The Roman general Ptolemy captured Jerusalem. From this time Israel was ruled by the Romans. It was divided into three parts, Galilee in the north, Samaria in the middle and Judea in the south

44
BC
Julius Caesar was assassinated

37
BC
The Romans allowed Herod the Great to reign as a puppet king in Judea

The Romans allowed Herod the Great to reign as a puppet king in Judea
Herod was a cruel man but he tried to please the Jews by beginning to rebuild the temple in Jerusalem. After his death one of Herod's sons, called Herod Archelaus ruled Judea. However he was so bad that in 6 AD the Romans removed him and replaced him with a Roman governor or procurator.

31
BC
Octavian was ruler of the Roman Empire (From 27 BC he called himself Augustus Caesar)

30
BC
Egypt became a province of the Roman Empire

6
BC
Birth of Jesus
Matthew 2:1; 2:15
JESUS
4
BC
Herod Antipas, son of Herod the Great ruled Galilee (the northern part of what is now Israel). Jesus called him 'that fox'. Herod Antipas had John the Baptist beheaded

4
BC
Jesus was born in Bethlehem

Jesus was born in Bethlehem
His family fled to Egypt to escape Herod but soon returned to Israel. Jesus grew up in Nazareth in Galilee.

26
AD
Pontius Pilate was governor or procurator of Judea

27
AD
Jesus preached, healed the sick and cast out demons

28
AD
Jesus ministry begins
Luke 3:1
JESUS
30
AD
Jesus was crucified but after 3 days he rose from the dead. Later he ascended to Heaven

31
AD
Jesus crucifixion
Luke 23:32-49
JESUS
35
AD
Saul was converted and changed his name to Paul

36
AD
Pauls ministry begins
Acts 9:1-16
37
AD
Caligula was Roman Emperor

43
AD
The Romans invaded Britain

46
AD
Paul and Barnabas sailed to Cyprus and what is now Turkey

48
AD
Paul and Silas traveled to Turkey and Greece

50
AD
The Romans founded London

53
AD
Paul made a third journey to Turkey and Greece

54
AD
Nero was Roman Emperor He cruelly persecuted Christians

58
AD
Paul was arrested and spent two years in prison

Paul was arrested and spent two years in prison
Paul appealed to Caesar and was sent to Rome by ship (on the way he was shipwrecked at Malta)

66
AD
The Jews rebelled against the Romans

67
AD
Paul was martyred

69
AD
Destruction of second Temple and Jerusalem
Luke 21:5-6
70
AD
Jerusalem was destroyed

81
AD
Domitian was Roman Emperor. He unleashed a wave of persecution against Christians

90
AD
John was exiled on the island of Patmos

95
AD
Revelation, the last book of the Bible was written

Total Events: 164

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